A Beginner’s Guide to Starting a Pecan Farm in Georgia

Are you considering starting a pecan farm in Georgia? Or perhaps you’re simply interested in learning more about the process of growing pecans? Whatever your reasons for being here, this guide is for you! We’ll take a deep dive into the basics of starting a pecan farm in Georgia, covering everything from soil selection to harvesting and beyond. So grab a glass of sweet tea and let’s get started!

Soil Selection

Before you can even think about planting pecan trees, you need to select the right soil. Pecan trees require well-draining soil with a pH ranging from 6.0 to 7.0. It’s important to note that pecan trees can grow in a variety of soil types, but they do best in areas with low water tables. You’ll want to avoid planting in low-lying areas where water tends to collect, as this can lead to root rot and other issues.

Planting Trees

Once you’ve selected the ideal soil, it’s time to plant your pecan trees. You can purchase seedlings from a nursery or plant bare-root trees. If you choose to plant bare-root trees, make sure to do so during the winter months when the trees are dormant. Planting in the winter helps reduce the risk of disease and pests. When planting, be sure to space trees 60 to 80 feet apart, as this will give them room to grow without becoming too crowded.

Fertilization and Irrigation

After planting your pecan trees, it’s time to think about fertilization and irrigation. Pecan trees require a significant amount of nutrients, especially during the first year of planting. A balanced fertilizer with a ratio of 10-10-10 (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium) is ideal. You’ll want to fertilize your trees in the early spring and again in the summer. It’s important to note that over-fertilization can be detrimental to the health of your trees, so be sure to follow the recommended guidelines.

Irrigation is also crucial during the first year of planting. Pecan trees require consistent moisture, especially during the first year. You’ll want to set up an irrigation system that provides approximately 20 gallons of water per tree during the first year. After the first year, your trees should be established well enough to withstand periods of drought.

Pruning and Pest Management

Pruning and pest management go hand in hand when it comes to maintaining a successful pecan farm. Pruning is essential during the first 10 years of a pecan tree’s life. Pruning helps control the size and shape of the tree, making it easier to harvest nuts in the future. You’ll want to prune your trees annually during the dormant season.

Pest management is also crucial to the health of your pecan trees. Common pests in Georgia include pecan scorch mites, aphids, and ambrosia beetles. It’s important to monitor your trees regularly for any signs of infestation. If you notice any signs of pests or disease, treat your trees immediately with appropriate pest control measures.


Finally, the moment you’ve been waiting for – harvesting your pecans! Pecans are typically ready to harvest between September and November in Georgia. You’ll want to check your trees regularly during this time, as the nuts will fall from the tree when ripe. Using a rake or a mechanical shaker, gather your pecans and lay them out to dry for 2-3 weeks. After drying, you can crack them open and enjoy your fresh Georgia pecans!

In conclusion, starting a pecan farm in Georgia requires careful planning and attention to detail. From selecting the ideal soil to harvesting your pecans, it’s a rewarding process that requires patience and dedication. By following the guidelines in this guide, you’ll be well on your way to establishing a successful pecan farm in the Peach State. Happy planting!


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