Understanding the Basics of Forex Trading

The Forex exchange market is a market where different currencies are traded. Currencies are an important part of life and they need to be conducted in the normal conduct of business and trade. You may want to import products from another country. In such a case, you will have to use your own currency in a foreign country. Here, it becomes necessary for the importer to exchange the equivalent value of your currency into their own currency.

For the tourist travelling around the world, it is not possible to use their currencies in different countries because it is not accepted generally at local shops and points. Therefore, the tourist will need to exchange their currency for the local currency at the exchange rate that is prevailing at that particular time.

Why the Forex market is so large

The only reason why the Forex trading market is so large is due to the great need to exchange different world currencies. This makes the area the liquid market in the financial sector all over the world. Other market sizes are very small compared to Forex trading, including the stock market. The total volume that is exchanged changes from time to time, but it is always in excess of trillion dollars every year.

One of the unique aspects of the international market is the fact that the foreign exchange market does not have any central marketplace where business is conducted. As such, the trading is only conducted in an electronic manner over the counter. This means that the transactions will occur through computer networks between traders from all parts of the world instead of a centralized kind of exchange.

Forex trading is a market that is open all the time and the currencies are usually traded all over the world in the greatest financial centers, and across all time zones. This means that even if a trading day ends in a certain place, a new one will begin at another place. This means that the Forex market is so active at all times and the price quotes change all the time and quite constantly too.

The spot market, the forwards, and the futures markets

There are different ways in which individuals, corporations, and institutions trade in this area. This is the spot market, the forwards markets, as well as the futures markets. The spot market trading is the largest due to the fact that it is the real assets on which the future markets and the forwards markets are actually based on.

Previously the futures market was popular with traders because investors could use it for a longer time. However, this changed when electronic trading came to the scene and when so many Forex brokers were introduced. The spot market has many activities and now surpasses future markets as the trading market preferred by speculators and individual investors. In most cases, people mean spot market when they talk about the Forex market.

The gestures and forwards markets are popular with the companies that have to hedge the exchange stocks at specific times in the future.

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Free Book Summary – Unfair Advantage: The Power of Financial Education – Written by Robert Kiyosaki

Robert Kiyosaki has one glaring message. The U.S. needs financial education. Right now our education system is broken and nothing is being taught that prepares people for financial freedom. All of Robert’s books are good and teach basics about financial education and the need for continuous learning. Rich Dad / Poor Dad is another famous book by this author. We will profile that book in a separate summary

The Cashflow Quadrant is a very important concept that people need to cement in their memory if they want to get a handle on financial freedom. The quadrant consists of the following:

1.) E – Stands for employee

2.) S – Stands for small business or self-employed

3.) B – Stands for big business (500 employees or more)

4.) I – Stands for investor

Traditional education prepares us for the E and S quadrant. The mantra has been go to school and then college to hopefully get a good job and save in a 401K for retirement. As many of you know this is not a good model in this day and age. On a side note, I was very fortunate to grow up with an excellent financial teacher. My father taught the principles that Mr. Kiyosaki teaches in his books Rich Dad / Poor Dad, The Cashflow Quadrant and this book Unfair Advantage. I can also tell you that most people are financially uneducated. Authors like Mr. Kiyosaki as well as Dave Ramsey are really needed and our doing what should be taught in our school system at a national level.

Why is this important to me?

This can be answered by asking a few more questions. Do you know the difference between good debt and bad debt? Can you define an asset and liability in simple terms?

Do you know there are three types of taxes for income?

If you are unclear on any of these then you need to read this book. In short form, I will answer all of these questions. Good debt is anything that spits of positive cash flow and increases in value. Thus if you have a debt on a rental house that yields positive monthly cash flow then that is good debt. If you have credit card debt that you don’t pay off each month then that is bad debt. In a nutshell, good debt makes you money and bad debt costs you money.

Assets and liabilities! Anything that generates positive cash flow is an asset while anything that costs you money is a liability. Example: A business that generates monthly profit is an asset. Your home is a liability. I know many of you will disagree with this but your home costs you money each month. This is not a bad thing but because you need a place to live but it is a liability.

The three types of income include: Ordinary, Portfolio and Passive. We will get into more detail on how these play a role in your financial freedom later in this summary. This book is important to you if you want to be financially free and escape the rat race of running out of money before the end of each month.

There are several examples and details outlined in Unfair Advantage but for the sake of time we will cover each in summary.

1.Knowledge – Knowledge put to use equates to power. There are several ways to make money be it in a business, real-estate, stock market, content creation, licensing deals, internet marketing or several other endeavors. The point here is that nothing happens without educating yourself. Warren Buffet the second riches man in the world is known for his constant reading and learning abilities. The premise of Unfair Advantage is with very high financial education, money flows in rather than out. You can pay zero in taxes and earn millions with very low risk by using other people’s money in good or bad economics. This creates an extreme unfair advantage.

2.Taxes – Taxes are government incentives to get people to do what they want them to do. Thus because businesses create jobs and wealth, they have tax strategies as incentives to keep the economy going. There is one huge premise that people need to understand. I will lay out the difference. When you are an employee, you work, pay your taxes and then get your money to pay your expenses. When you are a business, you work, pay all your expenses and then pay taxes on what is left. This is totally legal and can boost rates of return legally. Remember one thing – Tax avoidance is prudent while tax evasion means jail time.

3.Debt – Good debt creates true wealth by allowing you to use OPM (Other People’s Money). This is very powerful and requires discipline. This is one area I

wish this book talked about in more detail. Please note that debt used wisely can create leverage and unlimited wealth. To much debt used wrong can create financial ruin. Also, know that 85+% of the U.S. population has too much BAD debt. This is not what we are talking about. This needs to be taken care of as well to truly achieve financial freedom. The use of debt is an advanced strategy and needs to be used wisely which requires financial education.

4. Risk – The biggest risk in investing comes from the financially uneducated giving their money to financial planners and hoping things work out. This by far has caused large losses for people. Inflation is running rampant right now even though the government says it is not. This is a bigger risk for savers than taxes. Saving money as an investment is a bad idea because over time the value is eaten away through inflation. 401K’s and mutual funds along with diversification are all pitched as NOT risky. This is furthest from the truth. 1. Mutual funds are subject to double taxes as well as fees which eat away at your returns. Also, you are not in control of your money. Note: This does not mean that ALL funds are bad. This is where financial education comes in. Several financial planners will tell their customers to diversify. According to Warren Buffet – “Diversification is a protection against ignorance.”

5. Compensation – The rich don’t work for money. Think about hard work for a moment. If you work overtime then you are trading hours for dollars. The problem becomes that your marginal tax rate increases as you make more ordinary income. Your overtime is taxed higher as you work more. I am not against hard work. Just make sure you couple it with SMART and RIGHT WORK as well. The rich work to buy assets that create cash flow. Your goal should be to have your money work harder than you do and make you more money as soon as possible.

What asset will pay for your liability? This concept was first covered in Rich Dad / Poor Dad. This simple question changes the whole frame of mind and if people followed it then they would be in much better shape financially. This means that if you want a new boat then what asset will pay for the boat? Once you grasp this simple idea then your world will change.

I hope you have found this short video summary useful. The key to any new idea is to work it into your daily routine until it becomes habit. Habits form in as little as 21 days. I highly recommend ingraining the knowledge of compounding in your head. Answer the following correctly and you understand the power of compounding. Would you rather have $1,000,000 cash today or a penny doubled daily for 31 days? You can email me at [email protected] with your answer.

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